Contribution to the ICRC Yemen Appeal 2020
Most vulnerable people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence in Yemen can meet their basic needs, notably regarding food/nutrition, access to water, sanitation and hygiene facilities, as well as health-care services.
The ICRC aims to achieve the following results through the Yemen assistance Programme 2020:
- Improved food consumption for 120,000 people, preventing deaths and countering negative effects of malnutrition, especially permanent developmental and health damages among children and adults;
- Increased food production for 840,000 people that enables vulnerable households to regain self-sufficiency, as well as counter negative coping mechanisms;
- Improved living conditions for 112,000 people, strengthening their security, resilience and sense of dignity;
- Income generation for 119,700 people improved/secured through provision of cash grants and voucher assistance;
- Improved and secured access to water and sanitation infrastructure for 3,304,000 civilians / IDPs and people in detention through infrastructure rehabilitation & repair;
- Improved hygiene situation for patients and staff of medical facilities covering 1,950 inpatient beds, through upgrading their WASH infrastructure, quarantine and disinfection capabilities;
- Improved preparedness and operational continuity of 16 hospitals, 36 health centres and emergency medical services through provision of medical supplies, PPE and capacity building for staff, as well as upgrading or providing ambulance vehicles;
- Contribute to project continuity of 8 physical rehabilitation centres.
With ADA’s contribution of EUR 1’000’000, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results:
- Income generating activities of 20,000 people improved/secured/diversified by providing cash grants and voucher assistance;
- Improved access to water and sanitation infrastructure for 21,000 people through rehabilitating/ repairing infrastructure and/or installing handwashing stations in IDP camps, quarantine facilities, rural communities and detention centers;
- Improve preparedness and operational continuity of 10 clinics and health centres by supporting them with equipment, training and personnel;
The ICRC works closely with the Yemen Red Crescent Society. The Programme activities will be implemented in Sa’ada, Hodeida, Taiz, Sa’ana and Aden, targetting the most vulnerable people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence, people deprived of their freedom in detention centres, as well as medical facilities, their staff and patients.
The AutRC will among others supporting the following activities:
- Improve income-generating activities and/or diversify livelihoods by giving cash grants;
- Repair or upgrade key public infrastructure and provide spare parts and consumables to urban water and sanitation committees;
- Train local technicians and engineers to operate and maintain water/sanitation facilities;
- Carry out emergency repairs to address the disruption of essential services
- Renovate and/or upgrade facilities and living spaces in detention centers
- Provide Medicines and other essential supplies, equipment and staff incentives
- Organise community outreach activities.
Yemen remains the site of armed conflict and other situations of violence; the fighting is intense and widespread, often involving air strikes and indiscriminate attacks, sometimes taking place in densely populated urban areas. The Saudi Arabia-led military coalition, active since 2015, and Ansarullah continue to launch attacks against each other, the Al-Qaeda in the Arab Peninsula and other armed groups remain active in some parts of the country. The economy continues to collapse as a result of the protracted conflict. Despite the violence, migrants continue to pass through Yemen on their way to Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. Many of them live in harsh conditions and are deprived of food, shelter or medical support.
Allegations of IHL violations are widespread: tens of thousands of civilians have been reported wounded or killed in the fighting, and health facilities and other public infrastructure are sometimes indiscriminately targeted. Wounded and sick people are unable to obtain health services. Most hospitals are seriously handicapped by the lack of medicines, equipment and trained staff. National capacities for tackling public-health emergencies, such as cholera outbreaks, are very limited and the spread of COVID-19 poses an additional threat to communities in Yemen already dealing with humanitarian crises. A large part of the population is heavily dependent on humanitarian aid and faces food insecurity.