Contribution to the IFRC’s Ethiopia and Somalia Emergency Appeals
The overall goal of the IFRC's emergency programs in Ethiopia and Somalia is to assist the population affected by the food insecurity and draught in these countries. Specifically, the aim is to improve the food security and strengthen the resilience of more than 650,000 vulnerable beneficiaries through interventions such as the distribution of supplementary food, community health services support, improved access to safe water and hygiene promotion as well as by reinforcing family livelihoods.
With the Austrian contribution of 1,000,000 EUR, a total of 28,500 people can be supported as follows:
• Livelihoods of 2.000 affected households are protected through targeted livestock interventions, nutritious supplementary food provided to children under five years and pregnant and lactating mothers (PLW), cash transfers for food and through provision of materials and resources in accordance with the seasonal calendar for sustaining and increasing agricultural output.
• The immediate health risks of 10.000 vulnerable households are reduced through access to primary healthcare incl. nutrition support and community-based disease prevention and health promotion.
• Immediate reduction in risk of waterborne and water-related diseases for 15.000 beneficiaries through short term and long term WASH (Water/Sanitation/Hygiene) interventions providing drinking water, hygiene promotion activities, rehabilitation and protection of water points.
• Immediate shelter and settlement needs of 1.500 drought affected beneficiaries in Somaliland are met through the distribution of basic non-food items (NFIs) to ensure minimum living standards.
The target group of the intervention comprises: families who farm cereal, e.g. sorghum and maize, households with no other sources of income, including elderly people and people with disabilities, households who have lost livestock; under 5 year old children (U5) and pregnant and lactating mothers (PLW), as well as Red Cross volunteers being trained in Hygiene Promotion; schools and extremely vulnerable households in communities with cases and high risk of acute watery diarrhea (AWD); nomads and vulnerable population without access to water; and vulnerable people in selected long term IDP settlements identified by the UNHCR and Somaliland Government.
The IFRC works in close collaboration with its local partners, the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) and Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) and implements the program in the following regions:
In Somalia: Somaliland, Puntland
In Ehtiopia: Afar Region (Bidu), SNNPR (Kindo Koysha), Somali and Oromia Region (Moyale).
- provision of cash grants of CHF 60 (approx. EUR 52) to lease vehicles for ploughing for one month and to purchase seeds in Somalia
- provision of unconditional cash grants to enable people to buy food and cover other daily needs in Somalia
- provision of Livestock Restocking Packages (provision of livestock [e.g. 5 goats], fodder and treatment) in Ethiopia, as well as provision of pasture and fodder seeds.
- Training of 600 volunteers in community-based health and first aid (CBHFA) to support local health workers in screening children for malnutrition,distributing complementary feeding and performing hygiene promotion sessions - in both Somalia and Ethiopia.
- Hygiene promotion and awareness raising on safe handling and storage of water, rehabilitation and protection of water points in Ethiopia and
- Distribution of NFIs such as hygiene kits, sleeping mats and tarpaulins to IDPs in Togdheer to ensure minimum hygiene and living standards.
Ethiopia has been hit by frequent drought in the past 3 to 5 years with the 2015 El Nino induced drought described as one of the worst in decades resulting in high food insecurity and death of livestock in several parts of the country. The positive impact of the 2016 summer kiremt/gu/ganna rains and the subsequent above-average meher harvest rains in northern and western parts of the country significantly reduced the number of people requiring food assistance from 10.2 million in 2016 to 5.6 million in 2017, however, needs are still very high. Somalia experienced a poor April to June 2016 rain season (gu) as well as a poor October to December 2016 rain season (deyr). In February 2016, the authorities of Somaliland and Puntland issued separate alerts with appeals to humanitarian agencies and donors for support to the drought response and in 2017, food security has further deteriorated significantly across Somalia, with approximately 3.2 million people expected to be in crisis. Based on results of assessments conducted across Somalia in June and July 2017 in collaboration with government and other partners, levels of acute food insecurity and malnutrition will remain high in Somalia through the end of the year.
The total amount currently appealed for by the IFRC is CHF 25,891,443 (approx. 22.3 million Euros) - CHF 13.686.550 for Ethiopia and CHF 12.204.893 for Somalia.