Contribution to UNFPA's Activities under the Gender-Based-Violence (GBV) component of the 2019 Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP)
The main objective of the programme is to contribute to ensuring that the most vulnerable women and girls, in particular survivors of gender-based violence (GBV), have access to holistic and quality services in Iraq.
1) Specialized GBV services are provided to women and girls in need, and
2) Community-level protection and support systems to mitigate GBV risks are enhanced and information on available GBV services is widely disseminated.
In total, UNFPA aims to reach 260,000 women and girls who will increase their knowledge on prevention of GBV issues or will be supported in terms of GBV Services.
With the Austrian contribution of EUR 1 million, 25,000 women and girls will be supported. The direct target groups of this program will be Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees, in particular women and girls, survivors of GBV and indirect target groups are men, as allies of the prevention and response to GBV issues.
Implementing Partners include: the Tajdid Iraq Foundation for Economic Development, the International Medical Corps (IMC), Islamic Relief Worldwide (IRW), Un Ponte Per (UPP), the United Iraq Medical Society (UIMS) and the Iraq Health Access Organization (IHAO).
UNFPA and its partners are active in various parts of Iraq, in Anbar, Baghdad, Duhok, Diyala, Erbil, Kirkuk, Ninewa, Salah al-Din and in Sulaymaniyah.
• Provide GBV case management for GBV survivors through mobile and static services
• Provide psychosocial support (individual or group) to women and girls (including GBV survivors) through mobile and static services
• Train and mentor GBV service providers on GBV prevention and response
• Provide GBV dignity kits to vulnerable women and girls, together with information on available services
• Organize recreational activities at static women centers to strengthen support network and disseminate information on GBV risks and available services
• Train community members on GBV prevention and response
• Engage with men, young people, local leaders and religious leaders for GBV prevention.
The humanitarian situation in Iraq remains one of the most difficult in the world. According to the Iraq 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview, for the first time since the Iraq displacement crisis began in December 2013, International Office for Migration (IOM) recorded more returnees (3.2 million individuals) than people displaced (2.6 million individuals), and more than 8.7 million will require some form of humanitarian assistance. This is compounded by the existing refugee crisis in Iraq that includes close to 252,526 refugees from Syria, of whom 97% are hosted in the Kurdish Region of Iraq (KRI). There is clear evidence that wars increase the incidence of gender-based violence (GBV) with serious impact on psychological wellbeing.
Violence directed at women and girls within the family is also normalized and legitimized by survivors, perpetrators and communities through reference to cultural and religious norms. In this context, GBV response services are life-saving and critical humanitarian interventions and it is absolutely essential that the capacities for providing these critical services are put in place.