Contribution to UNHCR Activities in Greece 2016 in the framework of the RMRP for Europe (in response to the Syria Crisis)
The overall aim of the UNCHR Regional Refugee and Migrant Response for Europe is to enable the humanitarian community to contribute to the protection of refugees and
vulnerable migrants, as well as their human rights. It also aims to underscore the collective responsibility of States, institutions and organizations to both provide asylum and protection, as well as to respond to the challenges of large-scale migration in a humane, rights-based and sustainable manner.
More specifically, UNHCR aims to reach and support an estimated 100,000 persons of concern in Greece through increasing first-line reception capacity, extending support to local communities who receive refugees and migrants and through providing support in the sectors of shelter, health, water and sanitation and protection of people at risk, with special attention to women and girls victims of sexual and gender-based violence.
UNHCR operates closely with the Greek government, the European Commission and relevant EU Agencies, including Frontex and EASO (European Asylum Support Office), but also with partner such as the Evangelic church of Greece, the Greek Refugee Council, the Hellenic League for Human Rights, the Hellenic Red Cross, the Hellenic Theatre Drama & Education Network and other international and national NGOs and partners.
In terms of geographical location, he majority of refugees and migrants are arriving in Lesvos, but also in Chios, Samos, Leros and Kos. Sites on continental Greece include Trikala, Kavala, Kozani, Eidomeni, Drama, Piraeus in Athens and Konitsa.
With the contribution of EUR 2,000,000 UNHCR could for instance reach some 1,700 migrants and refugees and support them with shelter, non-food items and protection assistance.
These activities could include: site construction /construction of shelters, including water and sanitation facilities for one camp, or rental of chemical toilets, providing household goods to refugees and migrants and cover part of the costs of camp coordination and management for one camp.
In Greece, the continuing increaseing numbers of refugees and migrants have strained the already limited resources of the Greek authorities. The lack of first-line reception capacity has led to thousand of new arrivals sleeping rough on the islands and in Athens. In addition, the closure of the Macedonian border has caused tension and congestion at the border, leading to increased protection risks such as physical and mental harm to people, any type of violence and trafficking. The total UNHCR's financial requirements for its work in support of refugees and migrants in Greece as set out in this Response Plan amount to USD 140,517,227. The requirements for Greece are currently undergoing revision in view of the sharp in crease in needs/arrivals since January 2016.