Contribution to UNHCR Libya Programme 2021/2022
UNHCR's overall strategic objective in Libya is to:
• enhance the conditions of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees in Libya to meet their basic needs through the provision of cash assistance across Libya.
• enhance the living conditions of UNHCR’s persons of concern through the procurement and provision of non-food items (NFIs)/core-relief items (CRIs).
In 2021, UNHCR in Libya will achieve the following key targets:
- 2,700 cases for resettlement will be identified including women and girls at risk;
- 470 resettlement files will be submitted;
- 1,640 refugee households will receive core relief Items;
- 20,000 refugees and asylum-seekers will receive food aid;
- 1,500 IDPs will receive legal assistance;
- 10,000 IDP households will receive core relief Items, including hygiene kits, to refugees, IDPs and IDP returnees.
Under its planned response for 2022, UNHCR expects to target 293,000 persons of concern with humanitarian assistance.
The Austrian contribution will benefit 84,865 refugees, IDPs and IDP returnees.
Project activities will be implemented in countrywide locations where UNHCR has access and where there are concentrations of UNHCR persons of concern (POCs). Activities will be mainly implemented in Tripoli, Misrata, Az-Zawya, Misrata, Nafusa Mountains, Bengazi and surrounding areas (Derna and Ajdabiya), and in the south of the country including Sebha and Kufra, pending accessibility.
Project activities will be implemented directly by UNHCR and indirectly through its partners. UNHCR is currently working in partnership with international and national NGOs. The project activities are envisaged to be implemented through UNHCR directly, and through partners such as Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED), the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and LibAid.
- Improve conditions of 6,865 IDPs and IDP returnees by providing dignified access to necessities and access to healthcare treatments/medicines through the provision of cash assistance.
- Improve living conditions for 78,000 persons of concern including refugees, asylum-seekers, IDPs and returnees through the provision of NFIs/CRIs (including hygiene kits) as well as contribution to support costs including management of 3 UNHCR’s warehouses, distribution costs, transportation.
Libya is situated in a key position on the Central Mediterranean route, attracting thousands of asylum-seekers, refugees and migrants to its coastline seeking access to Europe through unpredictable and dangerous sea journeys. At the same time, Libya continues to suffer from interlinked, insecurity, political and economic crises that are driving conflict, damaging its economy, weakening state institutions, and facilitating criminal groups and non-state armed actors. The situation continues to cause great hardship to Libyans and non-Libyans, and worsening conflict has resulted in the internal displacement of tens of thousands of civilians from their homes.
It is estimated (IOM DTM 2020) that Libya may currently be hosting some 654,000 migrants, largely men (88%) particularly from Niger, Chad, Egypt, who are largely employed (79%) and who contribute to the local economy. Although 78% of all foreign residents are working, very few hold residency permits, and most are working in the informal economy. In addition, Libya hosts persons in need or highly presumed to require international protection. As of the beginning of September 2021, 41,897 asylum-seekers and refugees (43 per cent are men, 21 per cent are women and 35 per cent are children) have been registered with UNHCR. Many are exposed to a variety of protection risks including discrimination, different forms of abuse, exploitation, assault, robbery, arbitrary arrest and detention. UNHCR continues to provide humanitarian assistance to refugees, asylum-seekers, IDPs and returnees, directly and through partnership, and within the overall inter-agency coordination system. This includes access to healthcare services, cash-based interventions, protection services for persons with specific needs (children, GBV survivors, persons with disabilities, persons in need of legal assistance), support towards solutions (resettlement, humanitarian evacuations, family reunification).