Contribution to WFP's activities in Ethiopia 2021
Shock-affected populations in targeted areas and refugees in camps are able to meet their basic food and nutrition needs throughout the year (CSP Strategic Outcome 1, SDGs 2 & 17).
The Ethiopia CSP focuses on five interrelated strategic outcomes (SO):
• SO1 is related to emergency preparedness and response;
• SO2 is related to social protection, safety nets and livelihood support;
• SO3 is related to addressing chronic malnutrition and preventing stunting;
• SO4 is related to capacity strengthening of government systems;
• SO5 is related to enhancing global partnerships.
Under SO1, which constitutes WFP’s mechanism for responding to sudden changes in political, economic or climatic conditions, WFP will ensure that the immediate life-saving food and nutrition needs of three broad target groups are met:
• Ethiopians affected by crises: droughts, floods, pests (such as desert locusts), pandemics (such as COVID-19) or conflict-induced displacement (activity 1);
• Ethiopian children aged 6–59 months and pregnant and lactating women and girls suffering from moderate acute malnutrition (activity 2); and
• Refugees living in camps (activity 3).
In 2021, under SO1, an estimate total of 7.9 million beneficiaries will be assisted by these three life-saving activities (relief, nutrition and refugee response).
Under CSP SO1, WFP's target groups are: populations affected by crisis; refugees living in camps; and children aged 6–59 months as well as pregnant and lactating women and girls suffering from moderate acute malnutrition.
With Austria's contribution, WFP will assist 88,888 beneficiaries (45,333 women and 43,555 men) of conflict-affected and acutely food-insecure people with life-saving food, including IDPs and host communities. WFP will support with in-kind food assistance to targeted beneficiaries in Tigray in 23 Woredas: Endabaguna, Seyemti Adiabo, Adi Hagheray, Tsimbila, Sheraro, Tahtay Adiabo, Adi Dairo, Laley Koraro, Zana, Maitsebri, Dimma, Tselemti, Asgede, (Shire and Tahtay Koraro being in Round 3 of General Food Distribution). The Southern Woredas WFP will serve are: Mekhoni, Raya Azebo, Raya Chercher, Zata, Ofla, Raya Alamata, Korem, Alamata town.
Provide unconditional, nutrition-sensitive, in-kind and cash-based Food assistance to crisis-affected populations and transitory clients of the Government of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP).
Insecurity in Tigray remains volatile five months after conflict erupted between the Federal Government of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front on 4 November 2020. Even before the conflict, food insecurity and malnutrition were widespread in Tigray: 27 percent of the population were already considered as food insecure and the region had a global acute malnutrition prevalence of 9.9 percent, a moderate acute malnutrition prevalence of 9.2 percent, and 49 percent of children were stunted (Ethiopian demographic health survey, 2019). In 2020, Tigray was further affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the most severe desert locust invasion in decades. Due to these challenges, 1.6 million people were already requiring food or cash transfers (relief and the PSNP) prior to the conflict.
The conflict has displaced people within and across the regional boundaries into Amhara and Afar regions, and more than 60,000 people have sought refuge in Sudan. Due to access constraints, exact figures of people in need of humanitarian assistance have not been confirmed by on-the-ground assessments. The most current information available shows 5.2 million people (91% of Tigray’s population) in need of relief food assistance as per latest NDRMC assessments, of which WFP was initially asked to support 1.2 million people in 2 zones until December. Now WFP has received a new request to support 5 additional woredas in the South as of round 2 (272,000 people, previously supported by the NDRMC), bringing the total to 1.7 million beneficiaries. Incoming available information suggests food insecurity is increasing. Conflict in Tigray has disrupted food access and threatened incomes for thousands of households. Displaced populations, both within Tigray and in neighbouring Afar and Amhara regions, require urgent food assistance. These needs are expected to persist at least through late-2021. Available information from those who recently left Tigray suggests the destruction of infrastructure, regional border closures, bank closures, communications blackouts and fuel shortages. This has resulted in limited food supplies in markets, putting significant upward pressure on food and non-food prices, which were already above average. The high cost of food also results in much of the population in Tigray not having access to age-appropriate, diverse and nutritious diets, compounding the dire food and nutrition situation in the region.