CSOs for resilient ecosystem & community



Projektträger: ADRA - Adventistische Entwicklungs- und Katastrophenhilfe Österreich Land: Nepal Fördersumme: € 55.600,00 Beginn: 01.09.2023 Ende: 30.08.2027

Kurzbeschreibung:

Projektziel


Empowered CSOs and networks including those led by women engaged in conversation, sustainable utilization, and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems in Banke and Bardiya districts of Lumbini Province.


Erwartete Ergebnisse


1. Forest User Groups (FUG) actively engaged in Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) practices in line with National Forest Stewardship Standards (NFSS);

2. Farmer groups implemented climate smart farming and wildlife resistant farming practices;

3. Green jobs (circular economy) created utilising natural resources and ecosystem services;

4. Policies, guidelines and plans at local level developed and implemented;

5. Knowledge generated and disseminated for wider environmental awareness.

 


Zielgruppe


11.200 direct beneficiaries from local communities;

Organised in 70 groups (50 forest user-groups, 20 farmers groups) from four local governments: Rapti Sonari Rural Municipality, Kohalpur Municipality of Banke district, Madhuban Municipality and Thakurbaba Municipality of Bardiya district.

 


Maßnahmen


• Organize Forest User Groups (FUG) and capacitate in institutional management;

• Implement sustainable forest and ecosystem management activities with improved knowledge and capacities of CSOs, and relevant stakeholders, and adoption of best practices;

• Organize farmers groups and capacitate in institutional management;

• Capacity building of farmer groups members on climate smart farming and/or wildlife resistant farming practices;

• Identify most promising forest and farm-based products and ecosystem services;

• Capacitate Community based Enterprises on proposal writing, enterprise development and business planning;

• Facilitate local governments in formulation of a)Local Forest Act, b) Wildlife Damage Relief and c)Strategic Plan on sustainable farm and forest management;

• Generate evidence and document lessons learnt on implementation of national policies on biodiversity, climate change and wildlife and international commitments;

• Create general awareness in biodiversity and environment among FUGs, women, youth and school children.

 


Hintergrundinformation


Nepal has developed institutional structures, plans, programs, implemented conservation and community benefit programs like community forestry, wildlife protection through national parks and conservation areas. However, in the current context of political transition of Nepal into a federal structure, lacking policy harmonisation, coordination between conservation as well as development and governance problems are major gaps in biodiversity conservation.

Despite tremendous contributions of CSOs to natural resource management and biodiversity conservation in Nepal, CSOs are facing challenges due to

i) technical capacity in forest- and group management and governance, revision and validity of operational management plans of groups;

ii) frequent change in policy (sometimes regressive) causing low access to resources and wildlife casualties. Forest user groups in the proposed geographical area are operating under different management regimes and governance structures.


The project areas lie within an ecologically sensitive region that is part of a global biodiversity hotspot. However, the natural resources of Banke and Bardiya district are severely affected by trafficking of endangered wildlife and plant species, flooding and river cutting, soil erosion and sedimentation. Intensive agriculture practice with haphazard use of chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilizers have created threats to agrobiodiversity. Rapid urbanization, illegal felling, logging and expansion of agricultural land has resulted in encroachment of natural wildlife habitats.

Many people’s livelihoods in Banke and Bardiya districts depends upon forests, thus, women and disadvantaged communities are heavily affected by biodiversity loss. Human wildlife conflict (HWC) is a serious challenge to wildlife conservation and aggravates the communication between conservation authorities and local communities. Current national policy and legal responses did not reduce wildlife conflicts.


Additionally, people living in buffer zones and forests close to national parks face further challenges since they belong to poor and marginalized parts of society including indigenous groups like Tharu, Majhi and Kumal. For them forest farm and forest products & services remain main sources of income.

Projektnummer 2325-06/2023
Mittelherkunft OEZA
Sektor Umweltschutz allgemein
Tied
Modalität Project-type interventions
Marker Umwelt: 2, Klimawandel Minderung: 1, Klimawandel Anpassung: 1, Biodiversität: 2, Geschlecht: 1, Demokratie: 1, Armut: 1, Reduzierung des Katastrophen-Risikos: 1
  • Marker: kennzeichnet und bewertet die entwicklungspolitische Zielsetzung eines Projektes auf Gendergleichstellung, Reproduktive Gesundheit, Umweltschutz, Demokratieförderung, Armutsorientierung, Entwicklung des Handels sowie auf die Erfüllung der Klima- Biodiversitäts- und Wüstenkonventionen.
    • 1= das entwicklungspolitische Ziel ist in das Projekt integriert
    • 2= das entwicklungspolitsche Ziel ist der spezifische Inhalt des Projekts
  • Mittelherkunft: Die ADA setzt in Projekten und Programmen Mittel der Österreichischen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (OEZA) sowie anderer Finanzierungsquellen um.
    • AKF - Auslandskatastrophenfonds der Österreichischen Bundesregierung
    • BMLFUW - Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft
    • EU - Mittel der Europäischen Kommission
    • Andere Geber - Diverse Finanzquellen, die dem jährlichen Geschäftsbericht der ADA im Detail zu entnehmen sind.
  • Modalität: definiert die Art der Hilfe (z.B: Sektorbudgethilfe, Kernbeiträge an multilaterale Institutionen, Projekthilfe, Technische Assistenz (personelle Hilfe), Bildungsarbeit im Inland, etc.)
  • Sektor: bezeichnet den wirtschaftlichen oder sozialen Sektor des Partnerlandes, welcher mit dem Projekt/Programm unterstützt wird.
  • Tied/Untied: Ungebundene (untied) Hilfe ermöglicht dem Projektpartner im Entwicklungsland - unter Befolgung der lokalen Beschaffungsregeln - freie Entscheidung über die Herkunftsländer im Zuge der Beschaffung von Dienstleistungen und Waren. Gebundene (tied) Hilfe verknüpft die Hilfsleistung auf die Beschaffung aus dem Geberland oder aus einem eingeschränkten Kreis von Ländern.