Förderung der kleinbäuerlichen landwirtschaftlichen Produktion in Sofala, Beitrag 2017 und 2018
Contribution to increased productivity of family farms as well as enhanced food and nutrition security through improved technologies and services for agricultural production, processing and marketing in the Sofala Province.
The expected results for the year 2017 are as follows
- 2,204 hectares of agricultural area are irrigated
- The average yield per hectare is increased (maize: from 2 tons / ha to 2.5 tons / ha, rice: from 2.6 tons / ha to 3 tons / ha, horticulture: from 8 tons / ha to 15 tons / ha)
- 1,255 tons of seed are produced locally and the number of farmers using locally certified seeds is increased by 10%
- 149 demo plots to disseminate conservation agriculture practices are installed
- The coverage of animal vaccination is at least 80%.
The Austrian contribution targets 95.000 peasants and in total 475.000 people in Sofala Province will benefit.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security with its Provincial Directorate of Agriculture and Food Security of Sofala are responsible for the implementing, steering and the proper use of the Austrian contribution.
The ADC contribution will support the efforts to ensure food and nutritional security in Sofala Province and is therefore concentrated in the following priority areas
- Small scale irrigation system (promote improved technologies for agricultural production)
- Small scale seed production (promotion and supply of certified seeds and vegetative material for production)
- Vegetable production and promotion of postharvest technology (promote increased household productivity and integration in local markets)
- Agricultural technology transfer (training of technicians and producers in production of seeds, conservation agriculture and management of irrigation systems)
- Livestock and vaccination (e.g. construct infrastructure for treatment of animals).
The province of Sofala is located in the central region of Mozambique and has 13 districts, namely Chemba, Caia, Marromeu, Cheringoma, Marigué, Gorongosa, Nhamatanda, Muanza, Dondo, Beira, Búzi, Chibabava and Machanga. The province of Sofala disposes of a surface of 68.018 km², corresponding to 8.51% of the total territory of Mozambique, with a population density of 22 inhabitants/km². The potential of agricultural and livestock farming in Sofala is 3.304.900 hectares arable land and 3.270.000 hectares occupied by forests, 1.675.900 hectares for pastures and 408.654 hectares are available for the main crops such as maize, sorghum, rice, per millet, pineapple, cotton, and cashew nuts. The Sofala Province poverty rate in 2014/15 was 44,2%, shortly below the national average of 46,1%.
The province of Sofala is one of the most affected by El Niño and the events of drought and floods are cyclic. Consequently, food insecurity and malnutrition remains a huge problem in the Provinces Sofala.