Freiwilliger österr. Kernbeitrag zum Flüchtlingshochkommissariat der VN (UNHCR) 2020
The High Commissioner for Refugees is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate
international action for the worldwide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems. UNHCR’s Global Strategic Priorities (GSPs) for 2020 and 2021 emphasize areas of significant concern as part of its efforts to provide protection and assistance, and to seek solutions for refugees, IDPs, returnees, stateless persons and other people of concern. The Strategic Directions set out five core directions:
• Ensuring protection.
• Effectively responding to emergencies.
• Promoting inclusion and self-reliance, including through the engagement of development actors.
• Empowering people of concern to UNHCR.
• Pursuing solutions.
The programme represents the needs of particular population groups:
• Pillar 1: Global refugee programme
• Pillar 2: Global stateless programme
• Pillar 3: Global reintegration projects
• Pillar 4: Global IDP Projects
In 2020, programmed activities are $8.012 billion with a planned target number of 82,5 Mio. people of concern. The largest single region will be the Middle East and North Africa with 36% of the field budget. A significant increase is planned in the Americas, $127.3 million (37%), attributable to the expected deterioration in the situation in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and in the North of Central America, in particular along Mexico’s border areas. Acitivites will also be implemented in Asia and the Pacific, South, West and Central Africa, the East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes, the Middle East, North Africa and Europe. Main target group are refugees, internally displaced people, returnees, stateless persons, and others of concern. UNHCR carries out its work in collaboration with many partners, including governments, regional organizations, and international and non-governmental organizations.
- Registration: 10 million individuals will be biometrically registered across 75 country operations.
- Statelessness: 100,000 individuals will acquire nationality or have it confirmed.
- Child protection: 70% of unaccompanied or separated children will have a best interests process initiated or completed.
- Emergency and core relief items: 600,000 people of concern will receive core relief items, if needed, in countries affected by emergencies.
- Cash-based interventions; $588 million in cash assistance will be delivered to people of concern across all operations.
- Health: Under-five mortality rate in refugee camps will be fewer than 1.5 deaths per 1,000 people a month.
- Food security and Nutrition: The prevalence of global acute malnutrition among children 6-59 months old in refugee camps will be under 10%.
- Water, hygiene and sanitation: 45% of the assisted population will have access to at least 20 liters of safe water per day.
- Shelter: 250,000 people of concern in at least 40 countries will be living in a Refugee Housing Unit.
- Education: 1.9 million children will be enrolled in primary education. 182,900 students will be enrolled in lower and upper secondary education. 12,800 people of concern will receive tertiary education scholarships.
- Resettlement: 1.44 million people will be in need of resettlement, 7% of the global refugee population.
- Energy and environmental protection: 2.5 million people of concern will have access to a sustainable source of electricity.
Forced displacement owing to conflict, violence and persecution continues to rise, with the number of people of concern to UNHCR increasing. Their plight is part of a broader flow of human mobility, driven by many overlapping elements: resource-based and other conflicts that often transcend borders; growing inequality; the Exploitation of ethnic, religious and other divisions by political leaders; and collapsing eco-systems and weather-related disasters. UNHCR’s primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. In its efforts to achieve this objective, the Office strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, and to return home voluntarily. By assisting refugees to return to their own country or to settle permanently in another country, UNHCR also seeks lasting solutions to their plight.