Hydro-infrastructure rehabilitation to mitigate vulnerability to climate-driven extreme events in the Republic of Moldova



Projektträger: UNDP - United Nations Development Programme - Moldova Land: Moldova Fördersumme: € 4.000.000,00 Beginn: 01.12.2023 Ende: 30.11.2027

Kurzbeschreibung:

Projektziel


The project´s objective is to strengthen the national and local technical, institutional, and policy capacities for managing run-off from extreme climate-driven events to prevent flooding. This will contribute to strengthened resilience of Moldovan population to the intensifying climate-related extreme weather events, such as floods, that cause loss of life and property damage.


Erwartete Ergebnisse


1: Increased capacities of the relevant national and local authorities to respond effectively to extreme water-related events;

2: Enhanced security of the vulnerable rural population in key watersheds from potential failure of flood control infrastructure; and

3: Enhanced capacity of the local authorities and empowered community stakeholders to participate actively in governance of integrated water resources management for flood control.


Zielgruppe


The project will have several categories of target groups such as, firstly, the local population from the pilot areas who are directly exposed to the flood-related hazards, namely, those living in floodplain areas or having agricultural land and/or economic activities in these areas.

Another target group is the Local Public Authorities (LPAs) from the selected pilot regions. As the custodians of the hydro-technical infrastructure, they bear the responsibility to ensure their proper operation and maintenance in order to mitigate the flood risks.

The next target group of the project is the central public authorities such as the Ministry of Environment with its subordinated institutions, that is, the Agency “Apele Moldovei” and the State Hydro-meteorological Service.

The last target group of the project is the private sector who rent the hydra-technical infrastructure form the LPAs and who have the role of water users.

All in all, the target group consists of 65,880 people at lower risk of flooding, 72 people from the LPAs, 50 people from the central administration and 5 people from the private sector (= 66,007 direct beneficiaries).

 


Maßnahmen


The project is proposing a set of measures aimed at strengthening the country’s adaptation to climate-driven flood risk through a two-pronged approach. The first will build the essential national hydro-meteorological monitoring and early warning systems, including the institutional capacities to manage and operate them countrywide. The second one, will apply an integrated water resources management (IWRM) approach to five key watersheds that will produce knowledge and institutional capacities for rehabilitation of high-risk hydro-technical infrastructure, as well as increased participation by local stakeholders in water governance.


Hintergrundinformation


Climate change is projected to increase the occurrence of intense rainfall events in Moldova with potential consequences for damaging flooding, given the country’s rolling topography and current land use patterns. The majority of Moldova’s rural population lives in small towns located in these watersheds, which are often found in low lying areas and other areas at risk of flooding as a result of heavy rains.

Given that over 4,000 small and medium reservoirs and ponds have been constructed in Moldova, the structural integrity of dams and weirs is critically important in any long-term national climate change adaptation strategy. Most dams were designed in the former Soviet republic using empirical formulas based on the hydrological and climatological conditions of more than 30-40 years ago. As such, no climate change allowances were made during the design of these dams. As well, an unknown number of dams have been built ad hoc by individuals or communities without any proper design and/or permit.

At the same time, the State Hydro-meteorological Service (SHS) monitoring capacities are insufficient to assess local-level hazards and vulnerabilities with sufficient precision, and the current early warning system for flooding is weak. SHS monitoring stations are unevenly distributed, with the vast majority found on the two largest border rivers (Prut and Dniester), leaving the interior under-served. The network of stations cannot adequately detect fluvial and flash flood risk, and hazard maps are out of date. The state institutions - the SHS and the Agency “Apele Moldovei” (AAM) - charged with hazard analysis and risk assessments currently lack the technical capacities to carry them out effectively, and they have no hydrological or hydraulic modelling capacities which is limiting the efficient flood forecasting.

 

Projektnummer 8364-00/2023
Mittelherkunft OEZA
Sektor Andere multisektorielle Maßnahmen
Tied
Modalität Project-type interventions
Marker Umwelt: 2, Klimawandel Anpassung: 2, Geschlecht: 1, Demokratie: 1, Armut: 1, Reduzierung des Katastrophen-Risikos: 2
  • Marker: kennzeichnet und bewertet die entwicklungspolitische Zielsetzung eines Projektes auf Gendergleichstellung, Reproduktive Gesundheit, Umweltschutz, Demokratieförderung, Armutsorientierung, Entwicklung des Handels sowie auf die Erfüllung der Klima- Biodiversitäts- und Wüstenkonventionen.
    • 1= das entwicklungspolitische Ziel ist in das Projekt integriert
    • 2= das entwicklungspolitsche Ziel ist der spezifische Inhalt des Projekts
  • Mittelherkunft: Die ADA setzt in Projekten und Programmen Mittel der Österreichischen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (OEZA) sowie anderer Finanzierungsquellen um.
    • AKF - Auslandskatastrophenfonds der Österreichischen Bundesregierung
    • BMLFUW - Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft
    • EU - Mittel der Europäischen Kommission
    • Andere Geber - Diverse Finanzquellen, die dem jährlichen Geschäftsbericht der ADA im Detail zu entnehmen sind.
  • Modalität: definiert die Art der Hilfe (z.B: Sektorbudgethilfe, Kernbeiträge an multilaterale Institutionen, Projekthilfe, Technische Assistenz (personelle Hilfe), Bildungsarbeit im Inland, etc.)
  • Sektor: bezeichnet den wirtschaftlichen oder sozialen Sektor des Partnerlandes, welcher mit dem Projekt/Programm unterstützt wird.
  • Tied/Untied: Ungebundene (untied) Hilfe ermöglicht dem Projektpartner im Entwicklungsland - unter Befolgung der lokalen Beschaffungsregeln - freie Entscheidung über die Herkunftsländer im Zuge der Beschaffung von Dienstleistungen und Waren. Gebundene (tied) Hilfe verknüpft die Hilfsleistung auf die Beschaffung aus dem Geberland oder aus einem eingeschränkten Kreis von Ländern.