Integrated water supply and sanitation in Moldovan villages
The project's intended impact is: The rural population in Moldova (women and men, including vulnerable / disadvantaged groups) residing in the project’s target villages and beyond has sustainable access to safe drinking water and household sanitation.
The project aims at the following expected: (a) Local public authorities and regional operators respond to the needs of the population (women and men, including vulnerable / disadvantaged groups) in target villages for adequate and sustainably managed water and sanitation services. (b) Decentralized sanitation solutions are successfully introduced, tested and sustainably managed in target villages, and these solutions are made available countrywide.
Output 1: The population of Varancau and Nimereuca (Raion Soroca), including women, men and vulnerable / disadvantaged groups, has access to potable water through water supply systems built, connected to the Nistru river catchment at Zaluceni, and operated through service delegation contracts by the regional operator.
Output 2: Decentralized sanitation systems are set up and used by an initial number of at least 300 households (100 per village) in three pilot villages. Results are monitored, documented and widely disseminated in Moldova.
Output 3: Regional and local water supply and sanitation operators have the necessary technical and managerial capacities and equipment to provide adequate and sustainable water supply and sanitation services to their clients.
The project’s direct beneficiaries are 4,700 men and women living in selected rural localities of Moldova. Water supply systems are designed and built to reach every single household, and an initial connection rate of minimum 75% is secured by the mandatory local contribution. Under these conditions, it is considered that the whole population of a village has access to potable water. The sanitation intervention initially targets directly a minimum of 100 households (most of which already have flush toilets installed) per village; additionally, the project will ensure adequate sanitation conditions in schools.
Activities under Output 1 are geared to support the construction and operation of safe, inclusive and sustainable water supply systems in selected rural localities.
Under Output 2 the project will support pilot village-wide decentralized sanitation models in several rural localities.
The activities under these two outputs include, amongst others, project socialization, assessment of baseline situation and conditions, design and procurement of construction works and supplies, quality management of constructions works including site supervision, technical and managerial support to operators, coordination with relevant stakeholders, and knowledge management (exchange and dissemination of the experiences made).
Output 3 related activities will focus on capacity development and equipment support to regional and local water and sanitation operators involved in the target localities.
The water and sanitation situation in rural Moldova is characterized by multiple challenges:
Local public administrations have little means to fulfil their responsibility for providing water and sanitation to the rural population in general and in an inclusive manner; often they also have little awareness regarding their role in service provision.
There is not enough funding for rural water supply and sanitation infrastructure, and the limited funds are invested in a political biased manner largely into projects of deficient quality and lacking sustainability and equitable access perspective.
Small operators of water systems have too weak capacities to be able to ensure sustain-able operation of small water and sanitation system in villages on the long term.
Large operators have generally poor performance and do not operate small independent vil-lages systems.
There is not enough learning and innovation in the sector, technical and managerial op-tions known to sector stakeholders and applied for rural water supply and sanitation are still very limited and often inadequate. Universities have so far shown little interest in developing water specific curricula, key for a country under water stress.
The present project builds on the understanding of the water and sanitation situation in rural Moldova and the needs and opportunities for tangible improvements gained through the Swiss and Austrian co-funded "Water and Sanitation (ApaSan) Project in the Republic of Moldova" that was implemented in three phases until September 2019.