Kooperation Slovak Aid: Preventing Mother-To-Child-Transmission of HIV plus in Kenya
Kenya has a severe, generalized HIV epidemic. It is estimated that some 1.4 million people are living with HIV in Kenya. Approximately 17 to 18 percent of Kenyans know their HIV status. Surveillance of HIV in pregnant women has been conducted annually since 1990, with prevalence rising to 16 percent in urban areas and 8 percent in rural areas in the late 90s but now showing signs of decline. The current estimates indicate that about 10 percent of the reported AIDS cases in children are under 5 years of age and that over 90 percent of the infecttion is due to mother-to-child HIV transmission. The Governement of Kenya has declared a total war against HIV/AIDS, and has come up with a National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2005/6 - 2009/10 and has prepared a National Guidelines on Preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT).
In compliance with the above and in partnership with National AIDS Control Council and MAGNA Children at Risk, Slovakia (MAGNA) is to introduce a pilot project that consists of Preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) in Nyanza Province consisting of antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal mother-to-child transmission (further referred to as: MTCT) prevention interventions to be performed at two selected health care facilities located in Kombewa and Nyahera. The HIV prevalence in Nyanza Province is one of the highest in Kenya with a prevalence of 24% in Kombewa and 22% in Nyahera.
The project's aim is to reduce the number of cases of mother-to-child transmission and contribute in such a way to full and deserving life of newborn children free of HIV infection. The primary design of the project is based on an analysis of the situation on the field and on the existing Kenyan National Guidelines on PMTCT. Coming out with statistics from the cities of Kombewa and Nyahera, MAGNA is expecting that 1794 women will visit both Ante Natal Clinics.