Productive Safety Net Project 4
Program goal: Community and household resilience to shocks enhanced as well as increased access to safety net and disaster risk management systems, complementary livelihoods services and nutrition support for vulnerable and food insecure households in rural Ethiopia.
Output 1: Prioritized instruments and tools in place to support an effective system for Social Protection and Disaster Risk Management (e.g. Average 3,2 months of food insecurity by end of Y1; 10% increase of average value household assets by end of Y1; improved early warning triggers and response mechanisms functional by end of Y2; 25% of PSNP woredas where MIS and single registry is operational by end of Y3)
Output 2: Appropriate, timely and accessible transfers received by male and female clients (e.g. 70% of clients receiving regular payments within 20 days regarding cash and 30 days regarding food by end of Y1; 50% of transfers received have value of min. 15 kgs of cereals and 4kgs of pulses or its cash by end of Y1)
Output 3: Sustainable community assets built up and access to social services enhanced (e.g. 75% of public works projects implmented follow GoE's Community -based Participatory Watershed or Rangeland Management Guidelines; 50% clients who receive community based nutrition counseling services by end of Y1)
Output 4: Clients’ livelihood opportunities facilitated through three pathways: crop and livestock, off-farm income generation, and employment (e.g. 10% of clients receive livelihood transfers by end of Y1; 10% of clients receive employment related skills training by end of Y1; 5% of PSNP households report new income source as a result of program support by end of Y2)
The estimated maximum annual programme beneficiaries will be 10 million, consisting of 8.3 million chronic food insecure persons and an additional 1.7 million transitory persons if need exists. ADC's contribution to the programme will therefore ensure coverage of approximately 58.100 persons for the duration of one year.
By the end of the current phase 4, the program will cover all regions in the country except Gambella and Benishangul Gumuz (these are covered by other government programs) and become a national programme.
The program will ensure that poor and vulnerable households benefit from essential services including safety net transfers, livelihood interventions, key health and nutrition services, community assets constructed through public works and support to households to ensure that the improvements they have achieved are sustainable.
93 % of Ethiopia's population lives in rural areas. The share of population below the poverty line has fallen constantly in the last decade to 29,6 % in 2011, nevertheless, the absolute number of poor of approximately 25 million has remained unchanged due to high population growth. Ethiopia is vulnerable to terms of trade shocks from international food and fuel prices and to large weather related shocks as the East Africa drought in 2011/12 and the current drought 2015/16 due to the "El-Nino"-effect. Food insecurity, malnutrition and vulnerability remain high: 44 % suffer from chronic malnutrition and 46 % of the rural population is vulnerable to absolute poverty.
PSNP was launched in 2005 and funded by the Government of Ethiopia and Development Partners. It is embedded in the government's strategy and policy for food security and eradication of extreme poverty and represented a pivotal shift from annual emergency food aid appeals to a planned approach to food security and predictable drought risk management. The program is a cornerstone of Ethiopia's draft Social Protection Policy and is implemented in coordination with the Ethiopia Social Accountability Program (ESAP 2).