Promotion of climate change and disaster risk reduction solution in the water and civil protection sectors for enhanced rural resilience
The project's intended impact will be: Improved resilience of rural communities’ livelihoods in the face of climate change.
The project's expected outcome will be: Strengthened local policies, capacities and infrastructure which enable climate and disaster resilient development at the community level.
The project's expected outputs are:
Output 1: Adaptation interventions in the water sector for agricultural purposes and flood management demonstrated and local climate change related policy frameworks in place in a selected number of districts;
Output 2: Community-level climate and disaster management capacities improved for disaster risk reduction, prevention and timely Response.
The project aims to reach an estimated 7.350 direct beneficiaries including officials representing local public authorities, heads of public institutions and private sector including women; farmers (15 of which will benefit from water storage infrastructures); rescue and firefighting staff; vulnerable people; local residents including 50% women and vulnerable persons.
Under the first output the following major activities will be implemented: 1.1. Mainstream climate change adaptation and disaster risk management priorities into local development planning frameworks in a participatory and gender-sensitive manner; and 1.2. Pilot water storage infrastructures in 5 districts of the country to enhance adaptation to climate change in the water and agriculture sectors.
Under the second output the following major activities will be implemented: 2.1 Establish community-based rescue and firefighting brigades in the most vulnerable and risk exposed districts of the country; and 2.2 Conduct capacity development for climate and disaster response local teams and raise awareness towards building a culture of safer living.
Considering its economic structure and geographic features, Moldova is highly vulnerable to climate change and is exposed to disasters due to the hydrometeorological phenomena and natural hazards. While drought is among top hydro-meteorological hazards caused by extreme weather and climate events, due to the abnormal high temperatures recorded lately the incidence of forest fires is increasingly posing a threat to the natural ecosystems and humans. In Moldova climate induced disasters are occurring more frequently and on a recurring basis, causing an average of 4 million US dollars per year of economic damage.
Between 1990 and 2015, Moldova experienced eleven droughts that caused significant yield declines in crops and pastures. Such an exposure is because of the country’s dependence on rain-fed agricultural production which is tied to climate, making it the most vulnerable of all economic sectors. This is primarily due to the shortage of water for agricultural needs and limited resources and capacities to plan and put in place water storage facilities for irrigation needs in rural communities of Moldova, especially that the climate projections show larger rainfall events in the future which could supply the facilities.
In 2008, floods from torrential rains caused 120 million USD in damage to houses, bridges and roads and flooded 7,500 hectares of agricultural land. While precipitation is expected to decrease by the 2040s, rainfall events are expected to be larger. Almost half of all Moldovan communities are located in flood-prone areas and approximately 45,000 ha (approximately 2% of agricultural land) have a history of being waterlogged.
Climate scenarios also indicate the country is trending strongly towards becoming more arid.