Sofala Relief, Rehabilitation and Resiliency Project (S3R)
This project’s overall goal is to enhance resiliency amongst vulnerable people, especially female- and child-headed households (HH) and HH where people with disabilities (PwDs) are living.
The specific objectives are:
1. Relief Phase: Vulnerable HHs have recovered their capacity to meet their basic material and food in Estaquinha Adminstrative Unit, Búzi District.
2. Recovery and Rehabilitation Phase: Vulnerable HHs have increased long-term rehabilitation of food and nutritional security in Estaquinha Adminstrative Unit, Búzi District.
The project focuses on vulnerable families in five disadvantaged villages, especially on female- and child-headed HHs and HHs with a PwD who are least able to cope with the impacts of the Cyclone. In total, 7.982 individuals will directly benefit from the intervention. The project activities, located in the Búzi District of Sofala province, will be implemented by ESMABAMA.
The following activites will be implemented:
1. Preparatory Activities: Mobilization of necessary project staff and brief them on project objectives, methodologies, and roles; Training to all field staff and in villages on disability inclusion and mainstreaming
2. Relief Phase: Identification and selection of the most vulnerable persons (pregnant and lactating women, children under 5, elderly, PwDs) through the health centers; Provide food parcels to beneficiary vulnerable HHs; Provide Non-Food items (NFI) kits to vulnerable beneficiary HHs; Trainings on healthy nutrition
3. Recovery and Rehabilitation Phase: Identify vulnerable HHs for agricultural livelihood restauration according to selection criteria; Provide agricultural inputs (Seeds, seedlings, agricultural tools) to vulnerable HHs; Train beneficiary HHs on improved, environmentally-sustainable farming methods and grain storage; Facilitate the construction of storm- and flood-resistant warehouses
At night from March 14th to March 15th, 2019, Mozambique was hit by one of the strongest cyclones ever. Cyclone Idai swept through Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, causing disastrous damage to lives and infrastructure in all three countries, with a death toll rising above 1,000 in the three countries, in Mozambique alone 603 people. Mozambique was the strongest hit with an estimated 1.85 million people affected. The cyclone injured more than 1,600, destroyed or flooded almost 240,000 houses and caused damages exceeding € 683 million to buildings, infrastructure and agriculture in Mozambique. The latest reports show vast areas of the country inundated due to the cyclone, including its most fertile agricultural lands, resulting in an urgent food security crisis. All of this occurred in one of the world’s poorest countries and with the least resiliency.
In mid-march, the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) had made an initial assessment of the damage, listing the following pressing issues: (1) Damage to schools and health facilities, including materials and supplies; (2) Damages to crops which will undermine food security and nutrition, including amongst the most vulnerable people already affected by the earlier floods and drought; (3) Water supply destruction and interruption due to heavy winds and floods; (4) Heightened risk of water borne diseases due to damage to sanitation facilities and prevalence of unsafe water; (5) Destruction of houses and loss of non-food items; (6) Heightened protection risks, particularly for women and children, including increased risk of gender-based violence and possible displacement, as well as for PwDs who are often left out of assistance (as is being reported by Disabled People’s Organizations currently).