Strengthening Implementation of the Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere Reserve
The overall objective of this project is to make significant contribution to realization of Ethiopia’s sustainable development strategies (poverty reduction, biodiversity conservation, Climate Resilient Green Economy).
It plans to achieve two main purposes:
i) strengthening the Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere Reserve (YCFBR) management structures
ii) improving the livelihoods of the local population through sustainable management of natural resources.
1) YCFBR management and capacity strengthened and integrated in government structure by end of project
2) Producers of major non-timber forest products (NTFP) in Yayu organized in cooperatives (from 19 to 30 cooperatives at end of project) with improved capacity for production and marketing
3) The value chains of 3 major NTFPs are developed, product qualities improved and products are well recognized in the market
Local beneficiaries are farmers, cooperative unions, youth, women, beekeepers, government agencies and staff members active in YCFBR management.
They benefit from technical training, direct logistic, material support, follow-up and monitoring of implementation. The project will provide technical support for 30 coffee cooperatives, 12 beekeepers cooperatives, six spices cooperatives and six women and youth groups (all in all 3500 members).
- Organize trainings, workshops, seminars, for staff members of key partners on landscape planning, conservation planning/ biosphere reserve zoning, (ecosystem, species, genes)
- Organize trainings on conservation of key biodiversity elements, climate change, CRGE strategies, forest resources assessment and monitoring, forest fire prevention and control, coffee disease prevention and control
- Support training on NTFPs values development and promotion for local livelihood improvement and national economy for community representative
- Organize and support experience sharing visit among community members
- strengthen cooperatives via follow up program and awareness creation and facilitate experience sharing between cooperatives and/or communities
- Provide inputs (seed, hand tools) and subsistence for agro-forestry groups
- Preparation of training manuals for coffee, beekeeping and spices
- Support Woreda (district) experts to train target farmers/ farmers groups on standardized production practices of forest coffee, honey and spices (incl. domestication of wild spices)
- Support target farmers/farmers groups in improved sun-dried coffee processing and post-harvest handling, in modern beekeeping and honey value addition processing/ packaging
- Support Sor-Geba cooperatives to start direct trading/ export of Yayu coffee (incl. in market search and linkage)
- Support establishment of business partnership between cooperatives and private company for honey
- Support participation on one national and one international expo (incl. promotion materials)
- Best practices of biosphere reserve management and forest-based enterprises development documented and disseminated
YCFBR is an important forest priority area in Ethiopia and one of the few remnant habitats for wild coffee (Coffea arabica), hence important for conservation of the genetic diversity of coffee. The YCFBR covers an area of 167,000 ha.
The forest is also important for the livelihoods of local households. It is a source of income and a safeguard during extreme weather events. The forest is a major source of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs). Coffee contributes around 70% of households’ income in the area.
Over 150,000 people live in the transition areas, deriving their livelihoods from managed forests in the buffer zone and different agricultural practices in the transition area.
In 2010, UNESCO listed YCFBR in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR).