Contribution to the ICRC Syria Appeal 2017
Vulnerable people affected by conflict in Syria are able to meet their basic needs, notably food, access to water and basic health services.
The ICRC Appeal for Syria 2017 aims at assisting 8.902.500 vulnerable people, including IDPs, returnees and residents in covering part of their dietary needs to help ease their situation, 15.000.000 people in having access to safe water supply and 3.960.000 wounded, sick and physically disabled people in obtaining, if needed, appropriate treatment and services at hospitals and rehabilitation centers supported by the ICRC. With the Austrian contribution in the amount of EUR 800.000, the ICRC will be able to reach 39.575 vulnerable people, including female headed households by covering part of their dietary needs, 66.681 people by providing access to safe water supply and 17.604 wounded, sick and physically disable people - including victims of sexual violence and other abuses - by obtaining appropriate health services.
Target group / Beneficiaries
The target group/number of beneficiaries of the ADC contribution will benefit a total number of 123.860 people, consisting of 106.256 civilians (i.e. persons, who do not take part in fighting, including IDPs, returnees and vulnerable residents), subdivided into 39.575 beneficiaries receiving services related to economic security (food) and 66.681 beneficiaries receiving services related to water and habitat as well as additional 17.604 war-wounded, sick and disabled persons. Partner: Syrian Arab Red Crescent Society (SARC). Region: Entire Syria, including besieged and hard to reach areas. The ICRC has its main delegation in Damascus, and ICRC offices in Homs, Tartus and Aleppo. The targeted provinces of ICRC include Al-Sweida, Dara’a, Damascus, Homs, Tartus, Hama, Idleb und Aleppo.
The ICRC Appeal 2017 for Syria comprises measures ensuring economic security (food) by distributing one-month food parcels to vulnerable households, including IDPs and people in besieged and hard-to-reach areas, supplying collective kitchens with bulk food rations, distributing household essentials and helping households restore or gain some degree of self-sufficiency by giving grants to start small businesses. In the area of water and habitat, the ICRC Appeal aims at carrying out emergency repairs on water installations, trucking in water or distribute bottled water as well as providing water boards with chemicals, spare parts and training for operating and maintaining water and sewage treatment plants. Finally, in the area of health, the ICRC measures include (together with SARC) the provision of up to 12 National Society mobile health clinics and up to 10 clinics with medical supplies, equipment, staff training and financial assistance to enable them to maintain their services, such as treatment of common illnesses, obstetric and ante/post-natal care, psychological support and referrals.
In Syria, the armed conflict between government forces and numerous armed groups continues, as does fighting among these armed groups. Although ceasefire agreements were implemented for specific areas and periods, vast portions of the country continue to be affected by violence; the consequences for the hardest-hit areas, like Aleppo, are dire. Third-party states continue to carry out air strikes against the Islamic State group. The conduct of hostilities by the conflicting parties reportedly contravenes IHL and other norms protecting people during armed conflict. Abuses include: attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure; the use of explosive weapons in densely populated areas; sexual violence; and restrictions on, or systematic denial of, access for civilians to basic services and humanitarian assistance. Medical personnel/facilities and humanitarian workers are also targeted. Prolonged violence, poor economic conditions and inadequate public services have made most people aid-dependent. Needs are particularly severe in areas besieged either by government forces or by armed groups, and in places that are inaccessible to humanitarian organizations owing to various constraints. Millions of people have fled to other countries.