Contribution to UNDP's Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme (ICRRP)
The primary objective of the ICRRP is to enhance resilience of individuals and the nation in Iraq to cope with, recover from and stand strong together against the on-going crisis.
Output 1- Government Coordination: Effective and timely government crisis response coordination will be provided by Joint Crisis Coordination and Monitoring Centre (JCMC) in the Federal Government of Iraq and Joint Crisis Coordination Center (JCC) in the Kurdistan Regional Government.
Output 2 – Improved Basic Service: Over 2 million people, including refugees, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), and returnees, will get better basic services with improved infrastructures, such as water, electricity, roads, and schools.
Output 3 – Livelihood enhancement: Over 11,000 people will get immediate income or employment opportunities created for returnees, IDPs, and host communities.
Output 4 – Social cohesion and conflict mitigation: Community solidarity and social cohesion among different social and ethnic groups will be strengthened at least in 25 communities for 12,500 people through community dialogues and activities, peace education, awareness-raining trainings and legal support for women.
Target group / Beneficiaries
In total, UNDP aims to target over 2 million people with this program.
The increased Austrian Contribution can benefit at least 1,125 families (6,750 individuals) from the following groups: IDPs; Refugees; Returnees to liberated areas; Newly displaced people from Mosul; Host communities.
In line with the UN Security Council Resolutions (UNSCR) 1888 and 1820, ICRRP is working to raise awareness on sexual and gender-based violence issues. In accordance with UNSCR 1889, UNDP is also ensuring that women participate in early recovery programming, such as skills development and livelihoods activities.
Partners include a) the Federal Government, e.g. the Joint Crisis and Monitoring Center (JCMC), and Governorate Offices in Diyala, Ninewah, Salah al-Din and Baghdad; b) the Kurdistan Regional Government, e.g. the Joint Crisis Coordination Center (JCC) and Governorate Offices in Erbil, Dohuk, Sulaymaniyah, and Hajabja; as well as c) NGOs/CSOs such as Oxfam, Danish Refugee Council (DRC), Zakho Small Villages Project (ZSVP), International Relief and Development (IRD).
Region: the program is implemented in:
a) the South and Central Region of Iraq: Diyala, Ninewah, Salah al-Din, Kirkuk, Baghdad, Karbala, Najaf, Basrah
b) Kurdistan Region: Erbil, Dohuk, Sulaymaniyah, and Hajabja
- Technical support for formulation of government policies and legal frameworks and
advocacy – including gender equality aspects.
- Develop and conduct a comprehensive training program for JCMC, JCC and other
government institutions with a key role in disaster and crisis management.
- Develop Bill of Quantities and tender documents in order to carry out UNDP bidding
- Rehabilitate or construct priority basic service infrastructures in the affected
communities, such as schools, electricity networks, roads, water facilities.
- Provide micro grants for small businesses/asset replacement for returnees and host
communities to restore their livelihoods.
- Conduct vocational trainings for marketable skills, such English, carpentry, agro-
business, and entrepreneurship, targeting vulnerable persons, including women and
- Establish community dialogue platforms with displaced, returnees and host populations
in areas with high social tensions.
- Develop monitoring tools to assess social tensions at the sub-district levels and
regularly collect data and analyze the status of social tensions.
- Provide legal assistance to victims of Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) and
raise awareness on SGBV issues and provide psychosocial support and counselling to
Alarming development gaps and security risks affect over 10 million people in Iraq, of whom more than 3.3 million have fled their homes in the central and northern regions, in addition to 250,000 Syrians seeking refuge in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The situation in Newly Liberated Areas (NLAs) is highly volatile, with critical services and infrastructure not functioning and limited economic opportunities for returnees. With further military actions against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) the number of IDPs is expected to increase.
Such enormous levels of displacement impacts Iraq’s economy and society. It threatens the major efforts underway to build national reconciliation and protect the country’s development gains accumulated in the last decade. Destitution is widespread, negatively affecting displaced families and host communities alike.
UNDP’s Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Program (ICRRP) supports areas under huge stress due to the crisis caused by large displacement of people fleeing from ISIL and the protracted stay of Syrian refugees in Iraq. ICRRP has supported from the onset of the crisis with a focus on longer-term recovery to meet the immediate needs of people and promote early socio-economic recovery and social cohesion.
The total costs for the entire program period (Nov 2014 - Dec 2018) are currently estimated at: US$169 million.
ICRRP focuses on areas that are not (or so far not sufficiently) covered by other humanitarian clusters or agencies. UNDP thereby complements the primarily life-saving and shorter-term activities carried out by other humanitarian partners through a multi-sectoral, integrated strategy that has sustainability and resilience building at its core.