Technical assistance to the democratisation process - Observation of the trial of opposition leaders, civil society and media representatives

Contract partner: Michael P.D. EllmanCountry: Äthiopien Funding amount: € 34.700,00Project start: 01.05.2006End: 31.07.2006

Short Description:

Overall goal

Following violent protests against the May 2005 elections in June and November last year, which have cost the lives of civilians, the Government of Ethiopia decided to arrest the leadership of the main opposition party, the Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD), journalists and civil society members. They are accused, among other, of high treason and "attempted genocide" which can carry the death penalty.

Given the political importance of the trial for the democratisation process in Ethiopia, the EU decided to undertake the initiative to assure observation of the trial. EU Heads of Mission in Ethiopia identified an international jurist, Michael Ellman, who would be available to come to Ethiopia and monitor trial hearings. The following Terms of Reference have been agreed upon

(i) to make known to the court, to the authorities of the country and to the general public the international interest and concern in the trial in question;

(ii) to appraise him or herself of the background and circumstances leading to the trial;

(iii) to obtain information about the conduct of the trial, the nature of the case against the accused and the laws under which the accused is being tried;

(iv) to report to European Union Heads of Mission in Addis Ababa on the conduct of the trial, particularly with respect to international, regional and national standards regarding the elements and conduct of a fair trial;

(v) to make recommendations to the EU HOMs which shall be made available to the authorities of the jurisdiction in which the trial takes place.

Austria agreed to fund the consultancy for the 3 months up to July 2006.

project number2388-02/2006
source of fundingOEZA
sector Staatsführung & Zivilgesellschaft, allgemein
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.