Beitrag zur Jahresplanung 2022 - 2025 der ländlichen Wasserversorgung und Siedlungshygiene der Provinz Sofala, Agua Sofala II
The programme aims to significantly improve access of the rural population to safe and affordable water supply and adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene in the two districts of Caia and Marromeu. The practice of open defecation shall be eliminated through targeted interventions and awareness raising and behaviour change activities in both districts.
Increased rural water supply coverage in the district of Caia from 63.6% to 76.36% and in the district of Marromeu from 60.7% to 81.24%;
Increased sanitation coverage from 48.2% to 70%, in the district of Caia and from 51.61% to 74.15% in the district of Marromeu;
Caia and Marromeu districts declared Open Defecation Free.
Target group / Beneficiaries
Approximately 260,000 people in the rural areas in the districts of Caia and Marromeu are expected to directly benefit from the programme.
Construction of 12 solar-powered water supply systems, development of 60 new drinking water sources and rehabilitation of 20 drinking water sources to provide access to clean water for about 20,000 people in Caia district and about 36,000 people in Marromeu.
Construction of 8,460 improved latrines to provide sustainable access to sanitation for about 15,000 people in Caia and 36,200 people in Marromeu.
Education and information campaigns in Caia and Marromeu district to eliminate open defecation, reaching an additional 153,000 people through targeted interventions.
Gender-specific barriers to accessing clean water and sanitation will be targeted, such as shortening the distance between the drinking water source and the home or ensuring women's participation and decision making with regard to the management of water supply systems.
Allocation of two additional technicians at the Sofala Provincial Executive Council to strengthen institutional capacity related to planning, technical advice, monitoring and control of the tender processes related to rural WASH.
Operationalisation of the virtual National Information System for Water and Sanitation (SINAS) in Sofala to enable better planning and timely repair of defective water supply systems.
The implementation of the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program for the Sofala Province, has been supported by the Austrian Development Agency since 2018. Between 2018 and 2021 funded interventions focused on the districts of Nhamatanda, Buzi, Cheringoma and Machanga. The independent evaluation of the programme confirmed the importance of ADC support to improve access to clean water and sanitation in Sofala. Recommendations in the evaluation report included improving quality assurance of supply and repair services of the private sector and strengthening procurement processes and the need for more reliable information systems on the functional status of WASH infrastructure. The second phase of the programme covering the period 2022-2025 has incorporated these recommendations in its design. The districts of Marromeu and Caia, with a total population of around 340,000, were selected as implementation areas as communities in these areas have hardly benefited from investments in public infrastructure since 2013 due to political and military instability.