Assistance and Protection Activities in Uganda
Uganda is experiencing one of the most serious internal displacement crises in the world. In Gulu, Kitgum and Pader districts, 80% of the population live in crowded camps. The camps regularly come under attack from the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), with civilians reportedly killed, tortured, raped or abducted. Fearing night raids, an estimated 30,000 displaced children leave the camps every evening at dusk to sleep rough in the nearest town. The camps' water and sanitation facilities are very poor, and communicable diseases, including HIV/AIDS, are spreading rapidly. The majority of IDPs are destitute and have only limited access to cultivate fields near their camps. Venturing two miles away from the camps to collect firewood, food or water is extremely risky because of the threat of attacks by the LRA or of being mistaken for rebels by the UPDF and Local Defence Units (LDU). There are also reports of abuses perpetrated within the camps by UPDF soldiers and members of the LDU.
The project aims at protection and assistance of civilians in the Gulu, Kitgum and Pader districts. Apart from the principle objective to make conflict parties respect the basic rules of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law, the ICRC will provide material assistance to people affected by the conflict in the north and east. Their living conditions will be improved through access to adequate food, water and sanitation and basic health care.