Back home – and now? Sustainable reintegration of returnees and vulnerable families in Kosovo
The project´s overall goal is to contribute to a reduced migration pressure in Kosovo and to foster the (re)integration of Kosovan population by establishing sustainable economic activities and increasing the well-being of 100 returnees and 20 socially deprived households. Targeted areas are those, which were highly affected by the wave of emigration in late 2014/early 2015 (areas around Mitrovica, Ferizaj and Pristhina).
(1) 120 families have developed individual development plans for the next two years regarding their socio-economic situation.
(2) The capacities (skills and resources) of the 120 beneficiary families for successful implementation of economic activities are strengthened.
An integrated approach, bridging the gap between humanitarian type of assistance and development oriented support, will be applied through a community-based reintegration approach, targeting returnees and non-returnees simultaneously (emphasizing on women-headed households and minorities).
Based upon solid assessments, an integrated needs and opportunity-based bottom-up methodology will be developed. The project offers a perspective to future employees and self-employers, based on their participative elaborated future planning. It combines multi-faceted activities from tailored trainings, enhancement on financial literacy and life skills, and short-term subsidies to encourage employment of beneficiaries, in addition to productive assets transfer and lasting follow up visits and consultations throughout the project cycle.
Among the main reasons for a steady outflow of migrants from Kosovo since 2000 are the high unemployment and the lack of economic opportunities in Kosovo. Surveys indicate that about half of the Kosovars between 18-36 years do plan emigration from their country. The rate of asylum seekers from Kosovo is among the highest in Europe, however, their rejection rate is 93%.