Contribution to ICRC Yemen Appeal 2018
Vulnerable people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence in Yemen are able to meet their basic needs, notably regarding food/nutrition, access to water and sanitation facilities, and access to quality health-care services.
The ICRC aims to achieve the following main targets per Assistance sub-programme for 2018:
- 2’239’000 vulnerable people, including IDPs, returnees and residents, can cover part of their dietary needs to help ease their situation
- 3’120’000 people have access to safe water supply
- 551’000 wounded, sick and physically disabled people (coverage area of 5’325’000 million people) are able to obtain, if needed, appropriate treatment and services at hospitals and rehabilitation centers supported by the ICRC.
With ADA’s contribution of EUR 1’000’000, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results:
- 21’450 vulnerable people, including IDPs, returnees and residents, can cover part of their dietary needs to help ease their situation
- 29’890 people have access to safe water supply
- 5’279 wounded, sick and physically disabled people are able to obtain, if needed, appropriate treatment and services at hospitals and rehabilitation centers supported by the ICRC.
The ICRC works closely with the Yemeni Red Crescent Society. It has its main delegation in Sana’a with sub-delegations in Sa’ada, Hodeida, Taiz, Sa’ana centre and Aden, supporting its operations and enabling it to access vulnerable people in the most conflict-affected areas.
To reach the main assistance targets of its entire operation in Yemen, the ICRC carries out - among others - the following activities:
Economic Security (Food):
• in cooperation with the agriculture ministry, support the food-production activities of up to 140,000 households (980,000 people); in particular:
o provide up to 125,000 pastoralist households (875,000 people) with vaccination, deworming and other veterinary services for their livestock
o donate seed, fertilizer and tools to some 15,000 farming households (105,000 people)
o distribute fishing equipment to around 300 of these households.
Water and Habitat:
• in urban areas, repair or upgrade water systems and provide a local water corporation with technical assistance and supplies, such as spare parts and consumables, to benefit around 3,000,000 people
• in rural areas, refurbish wells and water distribution networks, and upgrade water-harvesting systems and other alternative sources of water, to benefit about 100,000 people in all
• train local technicians and engineers in operating water and/or sanitation facilities; based on the findings and recommendations of a study conducted with a development agency, advise water authorities on sustainable management of groundwater
• renovate or upgrade facilities at up to 35 health-care centres
• be ready to provide emergency assistance to up to 20,000 people for maintaining their access to water, sanitation facilities and shelter.
• in 35 health-care facilities in front-line areas, reaching approximately 406,000 people:
• in 22 ICRC supported hospitals (incl 1 hospital in Sa’ada in 1 in Aden with ICRC surgical team) and first aid posts reaching apprx. 70’000
• provide medicines, other essential supplies and equipment; be ready to give additional support during emergencies
• refer and facilitate the transfer of patients to other facilities for secondary care
• provide monthly incentives, and on-the-job training and other capacity-building activities, for health staff, including midwives
• donate insulin for patients with diabetes to the health ministry to treat around 70’000 diabetic patients insulin dependent
• support 5 PRP centres benefitting to an estimated 75’000 disabled persons
• support 8 haemodialysis centres supporting 1’500 persons suffering from renal failure
• provide on-site training to health staff including ad-hoc training on the clinical management of WW and emergency trauma life-saving cases
Numerous armed conflicts and other situations of violence are taking place throughout Yemen. Heavy fighting, often involving shelling and air strikes, persists in many areas, particularly in the western governorates of Sa’ada and Taiz, and in the capital city of Sana’a. Hostilities between a Saudi-led military coalition and the Houthis, which began in March 2015, continue to intensify. The Al-Qaeda in the Arab Peninsula, the Islamic State group and other armed groups are active in different parts of the country. The structure of the government remains unclear in large parts of the country, as different geographical areas are governed by different groups; most places are under the control of de facto authorities. The prolonged conflict has exacerbated the country’s economic difficulties. With vital infrastructure decimated by the fighting, and the coalition-imposed blockade on imports still in effect, essential goods and services are either unavailable or inaccessible. Despite the violence, migrants use the country as a transit point to Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. Many of them are reportedly arrested upon reaching Yemen.