Contribution to the UNICEF Mali Programme 2021
The Programme will focus on building peaceful, inclusive and resilient communities and strengthening the linkages between humanitarian action and development and peace programming.
UNICEF aims to achieve following key results, reaching 2,1 million people (1,05 Mio. men and 1,05 Mio. women) including 1.6 Mio. Children, among others:
- Nutrition: 194,634 children aged 6 to 59 months with severe acute malnutrition admitted for treatment;
- Health: 500,000 children and women accessing Primary health care in UNICEF-supported facilities;
- Water and sanitation: 543,800 people accessing a sufficient quantity of safe water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene;
- Child protection, Gender Based Violence in Emergencies and prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse: 162,500 children and caregivers accessing mental health and psychosocial support;
- Education: 88,400 children accessing formal or non-formal education, including early learning;
- Social protection and cash Transfers: 60,000 households reached with Humanitarian cash transfers across sectors;
- C4D, community engagement and AAP: 800,000 people participating in Engagement actions for social and behavioural Change.
UNICEF's humanitarian action in Mali is in line with the Country Programme Document 2020-2024, the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan, the Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action and the national COVID-19 Response plan. The Austrian contribution of EUR 1.000.000 can reach up to 19,320 beneficiaries including 14,720 children (7,360 boys and 7,360 girls) with live saving interventions. UNICEF will implement activities nationwide with local implementing partners, which will be selected after an open, transparent tender process.
Activities may include, among others:
- Provide therapeutic supply for treatment of severe acute malnutrition;
- Ensure infant and young child feeding counselling to primary caregivers of children aged 0 to 23 months;
- Ensure immunization against measles for children aged 6 to 59 months;
- Ensure access to primary health care in UNICEF-supported facilities;
- Provide critical water, sanitation and hygiene supplies (including hygiene items) and Services;
- Provide GBV survivors and other at-risk girls and women with holistic assistance including medical, psychosocial, juridical support, physical protection, dignity kits and socio-economic reintegration;
- Distribution individual learning materials;
- Community awareness and mobilization to support back to school;
- Deliver humanitarian cash transfers across sectors to households.
Mali is facing overlapping of socio-political, economic and security crises that have disrupted the country's economic and social development and generated a protracted emergency. Following a military coup d'état in 2020, the country entered into an 18-month transitional government. Humanitarian access remains a serious challenge in hard-to-reach areas and areas affected by seasonal flooding. Between January and July 2020, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance increased by 58 per cent, from 4.3 million to 6.8 million, including 3.5 million children and 245,000 children with disabilities. Between 2018 and 2020, the number of internally displaced persons in Mali more than doubled, increasing from nearly 110,000 to over 287,000.
The COVID-19 pandemic and its socio-economic impacts have exacerbated these challenges, undermining economic growth, exacerbating gender-based violence risks, and further weakening a health system that was already struggling to cope with epidemics. In central and northern Mali, 45 per cent of children are not fully immunized against vaccine preventable diseases. Across the country, 1.2 million children need protection assistance. Following the COVID-19 outbreak, school closures interrupted the education of 3.8 million children. At the same time, attacks on education infrastructure and personnel in the central and northern regions have affected 378,000 children.
In the northern and central regions, more than 96 per cent of internally displaced persons live in areas where access to water is below the national average of 69 per cent. Mali has one of the highest mortality rates due to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in Africa. The nutrition situation in the central and northern regions is also worrisome. Global acute malnutrition prevalence exceeds 10 per cent in a number of areas. More than 188,000 children under 5 years are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) across the country.