Contribution to UNHCR's Afghanistan Situation Response 2022
To provide humanitarian and protection assistance to vulnerable persons displaced by the Afghanistan conflict.
The programme aims at achieving the following key results
- R1: Displaced persons' basic needs are addressed (SDG 1: No poverty; SDG 3: Good health and well-being);
- R2: Displaced persons can access education and vocational opportunities (SDG 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all);
- R3: Displaced persons have access to health services and facilities (SDG 3: Good health and well-being);
- R4: Displaced persons receive shelter support (SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities).
The total number of the programme's beneficiaries is 6,300,000 persons.
The Austrian contribution will reach 43,470 persons (17,940 Afghan refugees and asylum-seekers in the region, 19,320 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Afghanistan and 6,210 returned IDPs in Afghanistan).
Activities in Afghanistan include:
- Distribution of essential food supplies;
- Provision of cash transfers;
- Investments in return and reintegration (including building, upgrading or maintaining key infrastructure services such as health centres and schools).
Activities in the region include:
- In Iran: Construction and rehabilitation of schools; providing essential medicines and medical equipment to health posts;
- In Pakistan: Legal assistance, registration and documentation services and income-generating measures;
- In Central Asia: Support for Afghan refugees in Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to improve access to food, transport, sanitation, water, education, health and shelter.
Afghanistan is facing an unprecedented humanitarian crisis and an increasing risk of economic collapse. Years of armed conflict, recurrent natural disasters, including droughts and floods, increased poverty, food insecurity, failing health systems, and lack of shelters, compounded by COVID-19 have made most of the people in Afghanistan vulnerable to extreme protection risks.
The humanitarian situation in Afghanistan deteriorated even more in 2021, with significant consequences for the most vulnerable among the population. Even prior to the events of August 2021, the year had seen the highest number of conflict-related casualties on record and a striking decline in the security and human rights situation in large parts of the country.
Rapid economic decline has also posed additional threats: food insecurity skyrocketed, aided by the worst drought in three decades, which severely impacted food production as well as livelihoods, especially for rural households dependent on farming to earn a living.
An estimated 72 percent of Afghans are already living below the poverty line, with a risk of this rising to 97 percent of the population unless the country’s political and economic crises are urgently addressed. The majority of the population is currently dependent on life-saving and essential humanitarian assistance and many internally displaced persons live in makeshift settlements in dire conditions.